A lot of time is spent talking about how to effectively design an email marketing campaign. Unfortunately, most people spend too much time thinking about the actual email and not enough about the user experience surrounding email marketing. I want to discuss two specific parts of the email experience: the sign-up page and the landing page.
When Is an Email Not Just an Email (or, Ceci n'est pas un email)?
If you are following an email marketing expert's advice, you undoubtedly have some form of (hopefully) opt-in email. It's also my hope that these "opt-in" people signed up for your emails directly and weren't victims of an opt-in list purchase by your company.
When assessing the effectiveness of your sign-up page, ask these questions:
- How easy is it for users to sign up? Can they do it on the home page, or is sign-up buried somewhere within the site?
- Do you require lots of extraneous information (such as gender and Zip Code) before you let them sign up?
- Do you require that they create an account at your site before allowing them to check "send me your newsletter"?
- Do you have an easy-to-find sign-up box requiring only an email address?
- Have you properly set users' expectations as to what your email will contain?
- Do they think they'll receive a personalized, "just for me" newsletter when in fact they won't?
- Did you request their interests at sign-up but lack the follow-through to personalize newsletters based on those interests?
- Have you set proper expectations and explained exactly what subscribers will get and how relevant the information will be to them?
- Is it clear why you asked the sign-up questions you did?
If you built an easy-to-use, easy-to-find sign-up page, you're better than 80 percent of the companies out there. If your sign-up page sets realistic expectations about the content of your email, you won't have people unsubscribing because they receive something other than what they anticipated.
Where Does Your Email Land?
A lot has been written about microsites. Put simply, a microsite is the online world a user enters after clicking through an email. Although there's no set size for a microsite, this area is more than just one page. Instead of telling you why one is important, I'll give you my checklist for what constitutes good user experience between an email and its microsite.
Here are the questions to ask yourself when designing emails and their microsites:
- Do the email and microsite carry the same branding and voice? If two different departments were involved (e.g., email marketing and creative development), the answer is likely to be a resounding "no."
- Do the email and microsite represent the beginning and a continuation of a fluid narrative that entices your audience to want to know more (see my narrative device series)?
- Does the microsite make the user feel special? This is supposed to be a special section, accessible only to those having a relationship with you (and who receive your email). If your microsite is impersonal, you'll waste any personalization efforts you put into the email itself. In fact, you will hinder more than help. By providing a personalized email then a nonpersonalized microsite, you're basically saying to the user, "Hi, Jack! This offer (and these links) were sent to you because we know you would like them! But once you click on a link, you'll see what everyone else sees. Our relationship ends the second you click out of this message."
- What's the shelf life of your microsite? Many companies create microsites for specific, event-driven email (such as Christmas shopping). What happens to the microsite (or its URL) when the promotion's over? People save email and bookmark pages they like. Don't alienate users by returning a 404 error if they bookmark your microsite. Either keep the microsite up, redirect the URL to the most current microsite, or provide an interstitial transition page telling the user what happened.
The sign-up and landing pages are only part of what surrounds the "email" part of email marketing. There's lots more to email marketing than email.
Jack Aaronson is the CEO of Jack Aaronson Consulting as well as a corporate lecturer. Jack Aaronson Consulting works with companies to increase the loyalty and satisfaction among their customers, increasing their profitability. As a corporate lecturer, Jack also travels around the world teaching companies how to effectively implement personalization, loyalty programs and multi-channel CRM. He also publishes a newsletter about Personalization, User Experience and other related issues.